Types of Biceps Injuries and Treatment Options

Photo: Arm

Whether performed as part of demanding exercise regimen or as an occupational duty, heavy lifting can place great strain on the biceps muscles and tendons. When overstressed, these tissues can be damaged, typically leading to significant pain and debilitation. If you’re suffering from a biceps injury or believe you may be, our team of experienced healthcare professionals can diagnose your condition and provide effective treatment options tailored to your specific needs.

There are three main types of biceps injuries: tendinitis, tendon dislocation, and tendon tear or rupture. Tendinitis usually occurs as a result of overuse and often can be healed with rest and time, particularly if the injury is minor. As with many biceps injuries, the discomfort may originate from the shoulder or the elbow. During your initial consultation, our doctors will determine the nature of your injury.

Tendon dislocation, sometimes called tendon instability or tendon subluxation, generally occurs as a result of complications from a shoulder injury, such as a rotator cuff tear, where the long head of the biceps tendon migrates out of the anatomical groove where it should sit. Generally the two conditions will need to be treated together.

A biceps tendon tear or rupture can occur as a result of overuse or traumatic injury. Tears can be partial or complete and can occur at the shoulder (long head) or at the elbow. Minor partial tears often can be addressed with non-surgical treatment. A full tear, also called a rupture, typically results in shortening of the muscle, creating a bulge. Biceps tendon tears of the long head can cause a “popeye” muscle in the arm. Tears of the biceps at the elbow result in weakness and should be surgically repaired to restore strength in active people. At Orthopaedic Specialists, we offer minimally invasive endoscopic surgical options for both of these conditions.

For more information about biceps injuries and the available surgical and non-surgical treatment options, or if you would like to schedule a consultation, please contact our office today.